Climate research has revealed the acceleration of climate changes, especially in some tropical regions, which may lead to the disappearance of countries such as the Maldives or Tuvalu if flooded with water.
This is expected to happen if emissions continue, and the level of the oceans is expected to rise by about an additional meter around the islands of the Pacific and Indian Oceans by the end of the century.
A study by the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change shows that five countries – the Maldives, Tuvalu, the Marshall Islands, Nauru, and Kiribati – may become uninhabitable by 2100, resulting in 600,000 climate refugees.
“It is the greatest tragedy that a nation can face,” said Maldives President Mohamed Nasheed.
The study indicates that the rise in the water level will be associated with the proliferation of storms and strong waves.
As a result, fresh water and soil will be contaminated with salt, making many of the small atolls uninhabitable before they are completely submerged in seawater.
The issue of climate change poses an unprecedented situation regarding the identity of countries whose lands are disappearing due to water inundation.
The Montevideo Convention on the Rights and Duties of States issued in 1933, which constitutes a reference in this field, is clear in this regard.
A country is composed of a definite territory, a permanent population, a government, and the ability to interact with other countries, and when the land is flooded and the population is unable to reside in the remaining land, at least one of the criteria fall.
The president of the Maldives asserts that humans are ingenious and creative and will find floating means to continue to live on their submerged lands.
The member states of the Pacific Islands Forum, including Australia and New Zealand, made it clear that their marine areas “will continue without any retreat regardless of any material change related to the rise in sea levels,” according to “AFP”.