The Kingdom continued its global excellence and occupied first place in the No Tree Cover Loss and Wetland environment indicators, outperforming 180 countries.
Its participation with other countries in the celebration of World Environment Day ratifies its efforts and initiatives in taking care of the planet’s ecosystem and biodiversity by shedding light on environmental issues, presenting lectures, and holding activities that promote the idea of maintaining a healthy environment.
Saudia Arabia’s commitment is also shown on the Index of Habitats. The country rated eighth and outperformed 172 countries in maintaining natural areas and preventing the extinction of endangered animal species.
According to the Adaa Center, the Kingdom ranks 13th internationally out of 167 countries in Satisfaction with Efforts to Preserve the Environment.
World Environment Day
Preserving the environment is the reason to launch The World Environment Day under the slogan Generations Restore. It stresses the importance and necessity of uniting national and global efforts to achieve the sustainability of ecosystems.
Therefore, Saudi Arabia launched 64 initiatives in a significant step in preserving the environment, such as adapting to climate changes. Also, it is selecting national strategies for natural pastures, forests, wildlife, combating desertification, and adopting royal reserves that contributed to increasing the area of protected areas to reach 16% of the Kingdom’s area.
Concerning the diversity of birds in the Kingdom, the total number of bird species registered has reached 499, of which 225 are endemic.
Reptiles and amphibians count with 107 and 7 types, respectively.
Marine life in the Kingdom is even richer, with 1280 fish species in the Red Sea and about 542 species in the Arabian Gulf.
Coral reefs are among the most important marine ecosystems, with an estimated 6660km² in the Kingdom. There are about 270 types of hard corals and 40 types of soft corals in the Red Sea, and 60 hard corals types in the Arabian Gulf.