It is not true that only Arab or Saudi women were prohibited. Following WWII, there was a period of openness between countries around the world. Since the early founding of the kingdom, Saudi Arabia has allowed women to be educated.
In Saudi Arabia, girls’ education schools were established in many cities and villages; a historical document mentions King Abdulaziz’s support for a development project submitted to the Shura Council on Safar 21, 1350 AH, corresponding to July 7, 1931, dealing with reforming, expanding, and assisting girls’ schools in the Hijaz region.
As the number of women’s education houses at the beginning of his reign reached more than 180 houses in various regions; it represented the first stage of education in the Kingdom for both males and females.
In the second stage, home or semi-formal schools came in 1360 AH corresponding to 1941 AD and continued until the date of the establishment of regular schools for girls’ education in 1379 AH corresponding to 1959 AD.
Regular girl’s Education
After that, regular girls’ schools began in 1379 AH, and King Saud University, which was established in 1957, provided the first opportunity for Saudi girls to enroll in higher education, since 1961, after which women’s education has spread in the Kingdom until today.
The success of Saudi women continued; where the founding generation of Saudi women made the first nucleus for the renaissance of women, and they had a prominent and leading role in the renaissance of the Kingdom.
Noura bint Abdul Rahman Al Saud; The sister of King Abdulaziz, is the one who had an important factor in sharpening her brother’s determination to strive for the unification of the country. Al-Jawhara bint Faisal bin Turki Al Saud, the aunt of King Abdulaziz, did a great role in the kingdom.
Ghalia Al-Baqami, is the woman who stood bravely and firmly in the battle against the campaign of Muhammad Ali Pasha Al-Ghazi.”
History also mentions Haya bint Salih al-Shaer; The owner of “Kitab Al-Khatibiya Haya”; the most famous scribes in the Hail region for teaching the Noble Qur’an in the fourth decade of the fourteenth century AH.
The biography of many Saudi women provides evidence of their historical role.
Al-Jawhara bint Abdullah bin Muammar; the assistance of Imam Muhammad bin Saud; The founder of the first Saudi state, when he descended in its security during an attempt by the ruler of Al-Uyaynah to betray him, as well as Modi Bint Abi Watan; The first woman historians spoke of her role in championing the reformist call, and she contributed to supporting the scientific movement in that era; encouraging science students.
Saudi women at that time joined schools in many cities and villages; Until the General Presidency for Girls’ Education was established; Where schools were established in their various stages, then colleges, universities, scholarship programs, then the opening of Princess Nourah bint Abdulrahman University; The largest university in the world for female students.
A history of hard work for the wise leadership in Saudi Arabia; To support the movement of women and the development of society through them, and a tremendous keenness to grant them their rights and present them to be part of the future industry.
Saudi women have emerged as leaders for a long time, as Her Highness Princess Dr. Al-Jawhara bint Fahd, who assumed the position of Director of Princess Nourah bint Abdulrahman University, in addition to the leadership role of Saudi women who can lead institutions according to an institutional concept and competence.
In a new step, the year 2009 brought to us the news of the progress of Saudi women to occupy leadership positions in the government. Professor Noura Al-Fayez was appointed as Deputy Minister in the Ministry of Education.
Within the framework of Vision 2030, the year 2017 is considered the year of empowering Saudi women; Laws were issued granting women the right to drive vehicles in 2018, the adoption of the harassment law, the decision to play sports for girls in schools, allowing families to enter football matches, allowing Saudi women to participate in the Olympic Games, and granting pilot licenses for the first time in the Kingdom’s history.
In the year 2019, a woman assumed the position of “ambassador”; To become a representative of Saudi Arabia, its policies and decisions abroad, amidst the admiration of Saudi women for the achievements one after the other and amidst great gratitude to His Highness the Crown Prince, Prince Mohammed bin Salman, the architect of the Kingdom’s Vision 2030.
It was not limited to supporting women leaders and intermediate leaders only, but also extended to include everyone; the government provided housing support services to the highest priority, such as divorced women, widows, and women heads of their families.
By awarding women additional points that increase their priority in obtaining housing support, the system of protection from abuse and the system of anti-harassment in the kingdom formed a legal fence to protect women from all forms of violence.