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Bahrain Summit Declaration: Arab Leaders Wrap up 33rd Arab Summit in Manama

The Kingdom of Bahrain has concluded the 33rd Arab Summit held today in the Bahraini capital, Manama, reported Saudi Press Agency (SPA).

The 22-member Arab League has announced the Bahrain Declaration after the general meeting and the bilateral meetings to put an end to the Israel-Palestine conflict and tackle civil wars and unrest in Sudan and Yemen, with Syria, Iraq, Lebanon, and Libya.

The declaration affirmed the following provisions:

1- The Arab leaders expressed their sincerest condolences to Kuwait on the death of the Sheikh Nawaf Al-Ahmad Al-Jaber Al-Sabah, the former Emir of Kuwait. They also congratulated Sheikh Meshaal Al-Ahmad Al-Jaber Al-Sabah for being the new Emir of Kuwait, wishing him success in ruling the country.

2- The participants thanked Saudi Arabia for successfully heading the 32nd Arab Summit, mentioning its efforts to foster joint Arab action, enhance regional security, and overcome the challenges of the Arab region.

3- They expressed their gratitude to the Joint Arab-Islamic Ministerial Committee for continuously attempting to put an end to the Israeli aggression on the Gaza and the humanitarian disaster from which more than two million Palestinians are currently suffering.

Urgent Halt for Israel’s Aggression on Gaza

4- The summit stressed the necessity of halting the Israeli aggression on the Strip, a complete Israeli pullout from Gaza, and lifting of its blockade on the now ravaged territory.

The members of the League also called for removing all obstacles, opening all crossings to facilitate the delivery of the humanitarian aid to the Palestinians.

They emphasized the need for UNRWA to safely carry out its responsibility and provide financial and healthy support to the victims of the ongoing war.

The Bahrain summit announced its rejection of all attempts to forcibly displace the Palestinians from Gaza, the West Bank, and East Jerusalem, reiterating that such attempts will be confronted.

Furthermore, the meeting called for an immediate and permanent ceasefire to protect innocent civilians.

The leaders strongly condemned the Israeli forces’ takeover the Rafah crossing, confirming that such a step has led to the cessation of the crossing’s operation, the flow of humanitarian aid, and the loss of the Palestinian people of Gaza’s main lifeline.

The summit demanded Israel to withdraw from Rafah in order to ensure safe access for the humanitarian aids. It also called for the deployment of international peacekeeping forces in the Palestinian Territories until the implementation of the two-state solution.

They emphasized the responsibility of the Security Council to take decisive measures to implement the two-state solution within a specific timeframe for the political process and issuing a Security Council resolution under Chapter Seven to establish an independent Palestinian state.

Immediate Ceasefire in Sudan

5- The Arab leaders expressed their solidarity with Sudan, in preserving its sovereignty, independence and territorial integrity. The summit called for an urgent implementation to the Jeddah Declaration in order to ensure a permeant ceasefire followed by the opening of humanitarian relief paths and the protection of civilians.

It also urged the Sudanese government and the Rapid Support Forces to seriously engage with various initiatives to resolve the crisis, including the Jeddah Platform, to end the ongoing conflict, restore security and stability and end the plight of the Sudanese people.

Putting an End to the Syrian Crisis

6- The summit reaffirmed the dire need to end the Syrian crisis and implement the Security Council Resolution No. 2254, in order to ensure Syria’s security, sovereignty and fulfill the aspirations of its people of dignified and safe return of refugees.

The participants delved into the conditions of the Syrian refugees and their right to safely return back to Syria, confirming the necessity of lifting the unilateral coercive measures imposed on Syria, and the need for the international community to support the Syrian refugees.

Political Solution to the Yemeni Crisis

7- The Arab leaders expressed their unlimited support to the Yemeni government in its serious endeavors to achieve the unity and conciliation between all Yemeni people. They called for a political solution based on the outcomes of the Yemeni National Dialogue and Security Council Resolution No. 2216, to ensure the stability and security of the country.

Stopping Interference in Libya’s Internal Affairs

8- The summit emphasized the need to put an end to the interference in Libya’s Internal Affairs, confirming Libya’s sovereignty and independence. The leaders called for the withdrawal of all foreign forces and mercenaries from its lands within a specific timeframe.

Moreover, they supported the initiatives to hold simultaneous parliamentary and presidential elections to end the transitional periods.

Protecting the Lebanese Borders

9- The Manama Summit stressed the significance of strengthening the capabilities of the Lebanese army to protect it internationally recognized borders against Israeli attacks. It also urged all Lebanese parties to prioritize the step of electing a president of the republic to overcome political and security challenges and conduct the necessary economic reforms.

Full Support to Somalia in combating terrorism

10- The Arab leaders have affirmed their support for the independence of the Federal Republic of Somalia and the attempts to combat terrorist factions. They praised the efforts of the Somali government to maintain security and achieve prosperity and sustainable developments.

UAE’s Sovereignty over Greater Tunb, Lesser Tunb, and Abu Musa Islands

11- The summit supported the sovereignty of the United Arab Emirates over its three islands: Greater Tunb, Lesser Tunb, and Abu Musa. It called on the Islamic Republic of Iran to welcome the UAE initiative aiming at finding a peaceful solution to the dispute or elevating the whole case to the International Court of Justice.

Arab Water Security

12- The Arab leaders underscored the importance of the water security as an integral part of the of Arab national security, especially for Egypt and Sudan, confirming their firm rejection to any measure that might affect their rights of the River Nile. They also confirmed their support to Syria and Iraq’s rights of Tigris-Euphrates River against any actions that might threaten their water security.

Combating Terrorism

13-The participants have expressed their complete and strong rejection of any support for armed groups or militias that carry out terrorist attacks and threaten the state sovereignty by implementing foreign agendas.

14- The summit strictly rejected all forms, motives, ideas and justification of terrorism, marking the necessity to extensively cut out its funding sources.

15- The meeting called countries to take deterrent measures to combat extremism, hate speech and violence incitement.

Maritime Navigation

16- The summit highlighted the importance of adherence to freedom of maritime navigation in international waters in accordance with the rules of international law to ensure the security of the Red Sea, the Arabian Sea, the Sea of Oman and the Arabian Gulf.

Nuclear Weapons

17- The Arab leaders emphasized their firm instance towards a Middle East free from nuclear weapons and mass destruction weapons.

Enhancing Arab Cooperation

18- The participants underscored their ongoing efforts to strengthen partnerships, strategic dialogues and joint cooperation with international blocs and friendly countries at all political, security, economic and social levels.

Cooperation with the UN

19- The 33rd Arab Summit confirmed the Arab countries’ commitment to closely cooperating with the United Nations, respecting the principles of the United Nations Charter, and achieving the United Nations 2030 Sustainable Development Goals.

Appreciation to Bahrain for Holding the Summit

20- The Arab leaders have expressed their appreciation to the Kingdom of Bahrain for hosting the 33rd Arab Summit, warmly welcoming the Arab delegation, and suggesting the following initiatives:

  • Issuing a collective call to immediately hold an international conference under the auspices of the United Nations, aiming at ending the Israeli occupation of all occupied Arab lands and recognizing the independent Palestinian state.
  • Assigning the Arab foreign ministers to take immediate steps and communicate with the foreign ministers of countries around the world to urge them to quickly recognize the State of Palestine.
  • Establishing new cooperation between the Arab League, the United Nations Cultural, Scientific and Educational Organization (UNESCO) and the Kingdom of Bahrain to provide educational services to those affected by conflicts and wars in the region.
  • Improving health care for those affected by conflicts and disputes in coordination between the Arab League, the World Health Organization (WHO) and the Kingdom of Bahrain. These efforts include developing the pharmaceutical and vaccine industry in Arab countries.
  • Enhancing the Arab cooperation in fostering financial technology, innovation and digital transformation, in order to provide a suitable environment for promoting innovative financial products and services.

Related Topics:

Jordanian King at Arab Summit 2024: Gaza War Puts International Conventions at Stake

Saudi Crown Prince Opens 33rd Arab Summit, Calls for Ceasefire in Gaza

Arab Summit 2024 Highlights UNRWA’s Pivotal Role in Gaza





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