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Jeddah Declaration: Arab Leaders Stress Importance of Joint Arab Action

The Arab leaders stressed the importance of strengthening joint Arab action based on common foundations, values, interests, and one destiny, through the Jeddah Declaration.

The declaration was announced at the conclusion of the 32nd Regular Session of the Arab League Council at the Summit Level on Friday.

The Jeddah Summit was held at the invitation of the Custodian of the Two Holy Mosques, King Salman bin Abdulaziz Al Saud, under the chairmanship of HRH Prince Mohammed bin Salman bin Abdulaziz Al Saud, Crown Prince and Prime Minister of the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia.

The Jeddah Declaration emphasized the importance of strengthening joint Arab action based on common foundations, values, interests and one destiny.

It also stressed the necessity of unifying ranks, solidarity and cooperation in maintaining security and stability, protecting the sovereignty of Arab countries and the cohesion of their institutions, preserving their achievements, and striving for further progress concerning Arab action.

Moreover, the Arab leaders agreed to strengthen and dedicate partnerships and consolidate understandings among their countries based on common interests. 

Jeddah Declaration Reaffairm Centrality of Palestinian Issue

The Arab leaders reaffirmed the centrality of the Palestinian issue to Arab countries as one of the key factors of stability in the region. 

The Jeddah Declaration condemned in the strongest terms the practices and violations targeting Palestinians in their lives, property and existence.

The Arab leaders stressed the importance of intensifying efforts to achieve a comprehensive and just settlement to the Palestinian issue and find real grounds for achieving peace based on the two-state solution in accordance with international references, mainly the Arab Peace Initiative, relevant international resolutions and the principles of international law.

This aims to ensure the establishment of an independent and sovereign Palestinian state on Palestinian territory on the 1967 borders with East Jerusalem as its capital. 

Furthermore, the Arab leaders also called upon the international community to fulfill its responsibilities to end the occupation and stop repeated attacks and violations that impede political solutions and undermine international peace efforts.

Thus, they reiterated the need to continue efforts to protect the occupied city of Jerusalem and its holy sites in the face of the occupation’s condemned endeavors to change its demography, identity and historical and legal status quo. 

Additionally, they stressed their support for the historical Hashemite custodianship to protect Islamic and Christian holy sites and the Jordan-run Jerusalem and Aqsa Mosque Affairs Department affiliated with the Jordanian Ministry of Awqaf, which is the sole body authorized to administrate the affairs of Al Haram Al Sharif, as well as supporting the role of Al-Quds Committee and Bayt Mal Al-Quds Agency in defending the holy city and the resilience of its people.

Arab Leaders Express Concern Over Sudan 

The Jeddah Declaration revealed that Arab leaders are following up with interest on the developments and events taking place in our brotherly Republic of Sudan.

The leaders expressed their deep concern at the ramifications of the crisis for the security, safety and stability of our countries and peoples.

Moreover, they reaffirmed the need to ensure de-escalation, resort to dialogue and unity, alleviate the suffering of the Sudanese people, preserve national state institutions, prevent their deterioration and avoid any external interference in Sudan’s affairs that would fuel conflict and threaten regional peace and security. 

The meetings of Jeddah, which commenced on May 6, 2023, among Sudanese groups, is an important step that can be built upon to end this crisis and restore security and stability in Sudan and protect the capabilities of its people.

Jeddah Declaration Stress Importance of Ppan-Arab Efforts to Help Syrian 

The Arab leaders also welcomed the decision made by the Arab League council at the ministerial level to resume the participation of delegations of the Syrian government in the meetings of the Arab League and its affiliated bodies.

They expressed hope for this decision to support the stability of Syria, preserve its territorial unity, and resume its role within the Arab world. We stress the importance of continuing to intensify pan-Arab efforts aimed at helping Syria overcome its crisis in line with the joint Arab efforts and brotherly relations that connect all Arab peoples.

Yemen Stability and Security in the Heart of Arab Leaders 

The Jeddah declaration retriated support for all efforts that could guarantee security and stability in the Republic of Yemen and fulfill the aspirations of the brotherly Yemeni people. 

Furthermore, they also advocate for the UN and regional efforts seeking to come up with a comprehensive political solution to the Yemeni crisis based on the three terms of reference: the GCC initiative and its implementation mechanism, the Yemeni National Dialogue outcomes, and the UN Security Council Resolution 2216. 

The Arab leaders reiterated support for the efforts of the Presidential Leadership Council in Yemen to achieve security, stability and peace in the country in a way that ensures an end to the Yemeni crisis.

Jeddah Declaration Expresses Solidarity with Lebanon

The Arab leaders expressed our solidarity with Lebanon and urge all Lebanese parties to dialogue in order to elect a President of the Republic who fulfills the aspirations of the Lebanese people, the regular work of the constitutional institutions, and the adoption of the required reforms to get Lebanon out of its crisis.

Arabs United Against Foreign Interference, For Development

The Jeddah Declaration called for stopping foreign interference in the domestic affairs of Arab countries and categorically reject all support for the formation of armed groups and militias outside the scope of state institutions. 

The Arab leaders stressed that internal armed conflicts will not result in the victory of any one party, but will rather exacerbate the suffering of the people, destroy their achievements and impede their progress.

Moreover, they underscored that sustainable development, security, stability and peace are inherent rights of all Arab citizens. 

These will only be achieved through concerted efforts and through firmly fighting crime and corruption at all levels. They also stressed the need to mobilise potentials and capabilities in order to create a future that is based on creativity and innovation and that keeps abreast of various developments in a way that serves and enhances security, stability and the well-being of our people.

Furthermore, the declaration indicated that visions and plans based on investing in resources and opportunities and addressing challenges can localize development and activate available capabilities. 

Such visions and plans should utilise technology in order to achieve a comprehensive Arab industrial and agricultural renaissance to which our countries should contribute through integrated potentials. We should boost our solidarity and enhance our interdependence and unity in order to achieve the ambitions and aspirations of our Arab peoples.

“We express our commitment to and pride in our values and culture based on dialogue, tolerance, openness and non-interference in other countries’ affairs under any pretext,” Jeddah Declaration stated.

Meanwhile, we emphasise our respect for the values and cultures of others and the sovereignty, independence and territorial integrity of states. At the same time, Arab leaders believe that cultural diversity contributes to better understanding and coexistence. Thus, they categorically reject using the dominance of some cultures as a pretext for interfering in the domestic affairs of our countries.

“We seek to exert more efforts to preserve our culture and inherent Arab identity among our sons and daughters and to strengthen their pride in our well-established values, customs and traditions. We pledge to make every effort to highlight our cultural and intellectual heritage and spread our well-established culture to make it a bridge for communication with other cultures.”

Arab Leaders Express Appreciation to Saudi Arabia’s Presidency

The Arab leaders expressed their appreciation to the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia’s keenness, during the year it held the presidency of the 32nd Arab League summit, on a number of initiatives that are bound to contribute to advancing the joint Arab work in the cultural, economic, social and environmental fields, including:

 – The initiative of teaching the Arabic language to non-native speakers, which targets the children of the second and third generations of Arab immigrants, in a way that contributes to enhancing civilizational communication between Arab countries and the world, and highlights and preserves the well-established Arab civilisation and culture.

 – The Culture and Green Future Initiative aims to raise the level of commitment of the cultural sector in the Arab countries towards the goals of sustainable development and to develop cultural policies related to sustainability, in addition to contributing to supporting environmentally friendly cultural practices and supporting the creative economy in the Arab countries.

 – The initiative of sustaining the supply chains of essential food commodities for the Arab countries relies mainly on a set of activities and the provision of investment opportunities with economic and financial feasibility that contribute to meeting the needs of Arab countries for food commodities.

 – The initiative of research and excellence in the water desalination industry and its solutions stimulates scientific and applied research and innovation in the desalinated water production industry and water solutions for interested and needy countries. It focuses on spreading and sharing knowledge and experiences, contributing to improving the economics of this industry in order to reduce costs, raise the efficiency of operations and improve its environmental sustainability, in addition to the issuance of specifications, standardizations and institutional restructuring for the water sectors to make them a strategic industry for the Arab countries.

 – The initiative to establish a think tank for research and studies in sustainability and economic development would embrace new directions and ideas and highlight the importance of sustainable development initiatives in the Arab region to enhance joint and multilateral interest in research cooperation and the conclusion of strategic partnerships.”

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