Arts & Culture

Saudi Heritage Authority announces the discovery of ancient bull head statue in Najran

The Saudi  Heritage Authority announced the discovery of a number of southern Musnad inscriptions, three rings, and a bronze bull’s head dating back to pre-Islamic times.

This discovery was part of the excavations that the Authority teams are conducting at the Al-Ukhdood site in Najran.


The authority team found many pottery jars of various sizes and sizes.

they found an important archaeological discovery of an Attic pottery vessel that dates back to the third century BC.


The inscription is 230 cm long and 48 cm high, and its letters are 32 cm long, making it the longest Musnad inscription found in that region.


The inscription belongs to one of the residents of the Al-Ukhdood site, and his name is (Wahb Ail bin Maqen), and he mentioned through this inscription that he worked in watering his house and perhaps his palace.

Bull Head


The authority discovers three gold rings with butterfly motifs on top, all of the same shape and size.


it found A bull’s head made of bronze with traces of oxidation Work is currently underway to restore it according to the scientific method.


the head of the bull was one of the prevalent and common things among the kingdoms of southern Arabia in pre-Islamic times.


The bull’s head symbolizes strength and fertility, and it is the most important and prominent symbol of the Sabeans, Ma’inids, and Qatabanids.


They found many pottery jars of various sizes and sizes, in addition to an important archaeological discovery of an Attic pottery vessel that dates back to the third century BC.


Archaeological excavation project


These discoveries came during the archaeological excavation project carried out by the Commission at the archaeological site of Al-Ukhdood in Najran for the eleventh season of 2022.


A group of Saudi experts participated in the discovery of new scientific evidence and data that help to understand the cultural sequence played by the archaeological site of Al-Ukhdood in the Najran region since early historical times.

the team revealed a number of architectural phenomena in the eastern part of the fort.

among the discoveries was a number of pottery vessels with wavy edges and stone incense burners in addition to two inscriptions in the line attached to the wall of one of the architectural units.


It is noteworthy that the results of the scientific project have contributed, since its inception, to the achievement of many important archaeological discoveries.


The cover also revealed cultural indications for the southern region of the Kingdom in terms of the civilizational succession that arose on its land.


These discoveries have explained the existence and spread of human settlements since pre-Christmas times over the succession of civilization in the Najran region.

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