By Salem Mahmoud
The prince was born in Riyadh, studied at the School of Princes, where he learned reading, writing, history, politics and memorizing the Qur’an. He is the fourth son of King Abdulaziz’s male children by his wife Princess Al-Jawhara bint Musaed bin Jalawi Al Saud. His mother died of an incoming fever disease. He was one of the wealthiest and most powerful members of the Saudi royal family. He was a faithful advisor and close to his two brothers, King Faisal and King Khalid. Governor of the Medina region, former head of the family council and advisor to King Faisal Prince Muhammad bin Abdulaziz Al Saud (March 4, 1910 – November 26, 1988), former head of the Saudi Royal Family Council.
He fought with his father, King Abdulaziz, in the “Battle of Asir,” when he was only 12-years-old, and he also helped his father besiege Jeddah.
In 1924, his father sent him to Al-Qunfudhah and Medina, and he was able to conquer them. King Abdulaziz appointed him governor of the Medina region, when he was 15.
In 1928 AD he fought in the Battle of Sebla, and in 1932 he fought in the “Battle of Jizan”, which led to the unification of Saudi Arabia.
In 1934 he fought in the Saudi-Yemeni war.
King Faisal nominated him for the mandate of the covenant, but he apologized for that, and suggested that King Khalid nominate him for this position, so King Faisal accepted that.
Prince Mohammed was a conservative in the ruling family. He was against naturalization, against settling foreigners, and he believed that the presence of a very large number of foreign workers in the country would lead to the erosion of Islamic values and the destruction of Arab traditions.
Talal Maddah sings the famous song, “Tell the beloved,” tells him, and the poem was attributed to the poet Faleh … which is the pseudonym that he chose for himself in his early poetry.
The Emirate of Medina
Medina Airport (Prince Muhammad Bin Abdulaziz Airport)
He remained a prince of the Medina region for a long time, and while he was in charge of the emirate, he carried out many works, including:
Expansion of the Prophet’s Mosque and repairing it, such as adding stairs and placing umbrellas.
Governmental hospitals, pharmacies, dispensaries and schools were opened. Electricity was introduced in Medina for the first time in 1934.
The opening of a water factory in 1939 AD, followed in 1940 AD with the opening of an ice factory, and in 1942 AD the water factory was transformed into a desalination plant in order to desalinate water from the Red Sea and to position the factory site in Yanbu.
Medina was linked by a new road, and Medina Civil Airport was also opened, and the city was linked to all Saudi cities by air. In 1971, Medina International Airport was opened.
He opened a large number of factories, including the maintenance and electricity factory.
In 1961, the Islamic University was opened.
He left the governorate of Medina in 1965, when he retired from work, and gave up the mandate of the covenant to his brother, Prince Khaled, after his brother King Faisal summoned him to offer him the position as his only candidate.
From 1975 AD until his death, he headed the Royal Family Council.
His political life
And after he returned to Riyadh, he is still fighting with his brothers and with his father, King Abdulaziz, as he fought the famous Battle of Sabla that took place in 1928.
In 1932, he fought the Battle of Jizan, the unification of the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia, and then he fought the Saudi Battle of Yemen
In 1924 AD, he took over the Emirate of Medina after he conquered Medina and Al-Qunfudhah, and after he conquered it and appointed him by his father, King Abdulaziz, as Prince of Medina – his age at that time was only 15 years and he remained a prince for more than forty years and accomplished many achievements at that time and from them.
He expanded the Prophet’s Mosque and added repairs to the Prophet’s Mosque, such as adding stairs and placing umbrellas, and increasing the numbers of Holy Qur’ans in the Prophet’s Mosque.
In the Hijri 50s, he opened government hospitals, pharmacies for the first time, government schools and dispensaries, and electricity entered the city for the first time in 1934.
In 1936, he established a palace called King Abdul Aziz Palace, which King Khalid, transferred his name to Prince Muhammad’s palace – and this palace was where Prince Mohammed lived until the death of King Khalid, whose death affected the life of the Prince.
He opened an ice factory in 1939 and water in the same year .
In 1940, the water plant was transformed to desalinate water from the Red Sea, and the site was established in Yanbu in 1942 – and this was the first desalination plant.
Then he donated to the poor and encouraged people to donate and left the region several times in that decade. He also opened at that time a large number of markets and institutions and on 1940 oil entered the Medina region, that is, in 1948 – and cars were used for the first time in 1944.
In 1950 he linked Medina to the land roads of the whole region, and a civil airport was also opened in Medina in the name of Medina Civil Airport, and 1955, Medina was linked to all the cities of the Kingdom with the air. On 1955 the statistics of the region were enumerated and reached 100,000 civilians.
On 1960, Prince Muhammad agreed with his brother Faisal not to abide by the orders of King Saud, and in 1960 many factories were opened, including the maintenance and electricity factory, and the Islamic University was inaugurated in 1961 and in the last four years he opened about 7000.
A school for boys and girls, were opened with several mosques, including Al-Rahma Mosque .He opened a branch of the Council of Ministers in Al-Medina Al-Munawwarah in 1963 and a branch of the Shura Council in the same year – and he appointed Prince Abdul Mohsen as his deputy.
He also opened government clinics and government hospitals, including the King Faisal Governmental Hospital in 1964 – and in 1965 – Prince Muhammad bin Abdulaziz Al Saud retired and left the Emirate of Medina, and his emirates took over after him, his younger half-brother Prince Abdul Mohsen bin Heb
He also opened government clinics and government hospitals, including King Faisal Governmental Hospital in 1964 – and in 1965 – Prince Muhammad bin Abdulaziz Al Saud retired and left the Emirate of Medina, and his emirates took over after him his younger half-brother Prince Abdul Mohsen bin Abdulaziz Al Saud.
He is the first Saudi Prince of Medina
The period of his emirates for Medina was 42 years until 1965 AD. He retired from work and abdicated the crown prince to his younger brother Khalid bin Abdul Aziz, and that was in 1384 AH and he was a distinguished poet under the name of “Faleh”.
On the day 29-09-1989 Prince Muhammad bin Abdulaziz Al Saud died of a heart attack and prayers were upon him the next day. He was buried in the southern part of the Oud cemetery.
The Saudi TV declared :-With great sorrow and sadness the death of the former prince of Medina, Prince Muhammad bin Abdul Aziz, following a heart attack, after he lived and struggled for the sake of God, and he was about 81 years old, after he passed by five kings from the kingdom, and after he helped his brothers Kings Saud, Faisal and Khaled, may God have mercy on them all.