Saudi Arabia is the first in the Arab world in chemistry, earth and environmental sciences, life sciences, and physical sciences.
The annual tables of the Nature Index for the year 2021, which uses the “Share” measure, revealed that Saudi Arabia again advanced by several positions over other Arab countries in the share of scientific research.
Apart from the UAE, the Kingdom was the only nation to make the worldwide list of the 50 countries with the highest scientific research share, with the two countries ranking 29th and 44th, respectively.
Last year, Saudi Arabia, like many other bigger countries such as the United States and the United Kingdom, managed to stem the decrease in its research output.
While it maintained its position as the highest contributor to the share of scientific research among Arab countries and the second-highest contributor in each of the West Asian and the Middle East and Africa (MEA) countries included in this year’s index, it fell short of the top spot in each of the MEA countries included in the index.
Apart from the United Arab Emirates, Saudi Arabia is the only Arab country to make the worldwide top 50 in all four fields of natural science journals studied, as well as the highest contributor to the proportion of scientific research in each subject.
This year, 17 Arab nations were included in the Nature Index’s yearly tables, with Saudi Arabia, the United Arab Emirates, and Egypt continuing to hold the top three spots in the list, respectively, since 2017.
The Kingdom was responsible for 64 percent of all scientific research in the Arab world. Egypt remained the top-ranked country in North Africa and the second-ranked country in Africa.
Despite the obstacles and constraints imposed by the “Covid-19” epidemic, King Abdullah University of Science and Technology “KAUST” moved from 131st to 125th rank among Arab countries, with a significant difference.