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Yadma , caravan city and the last home of Arabian Oryx

Many centers belong to the governorate of Yadma, including “Al-Sabil, Al-Aziziyah, Najd Sahi, Al-Wajid, Abraq Sharqah, Al-Khaldiyah, Sultana, Al-Mundafan, and Mounadi”.

The city of Yadma, 180 kilometers north of Najran city, represents the link between the regions of Najran, Riyadh and Asir, while it gained historical significance due to its location on the caravan route, from which it branched into two lanes, the first towards the northeast of the Arabian Peninsula, passing through the village of Faw, and the second towards the north and west of the island.

Several centers are affiliated to the governorate, including “Al-Sabil, Al-Aziziyah, Najd Sahi, Al-Wajid, Abraq Sharqah, Al-Khaldiyah, Sultana, Al-Mundafan, and Manadi”.

According to the report of the Saudi Press Agency “SPA”, the terrain in the governorate varies between high mountains, sand dunes, and wadis, the most famous of which are Talham, bridle, Ashara, al-Habt, al-Jahr and Wadi al-Sahn, which form in their environments natural parks frequented by residents and visitors during most of the year’s seasons. Most notably, “Yakhla Park” in the northwest of the governorate, which is characterized by the abundance of Sidr trees, and “Waterfall Park” at the entrance to the governorate, while it is bordered to the east by sand dunes that form the beginning of the Empty Quarter in the Arabian Peninsula.

The governorate of Yammah, specifically on the western side, embraces many archaeological sites and historical inscriptions that narrate the history of the region and the journey of ancient commercial caravans. Their evidences are still present in the sites of “Libba Saada”, “Naqban”, “Arak Fleih” and “Abalim”.

The famous Aruq Bani Maaroud reserve is located on an area of 11980 square kilometers, to protect endangered animals as part of the project to protect, grow and re-spread wildlife, especially for wolves, sand cats, hares, bustards, pattens, partridges, gray shrikes, several species of tigers, in addition to reptiles of warl, lizard and others. And many trees of Atoum, Al-Ghad, Al-Harmal, Al-Tarf, Al-Ban and Al-Ashr

The reserve is the last citizen to see the Arabian Oryx in 1979 AD, and as a result, a program for the resettlement of oryx, reem antelope and human deer was successfully implemented in the reserve between 1995 – 1996 AD.

Yadamah is distinguished by its popular markets that still offer varieties of local products, such as ghee and ghee, in addition to livestock, livestock and various types of dates, fruits and vegetables, thus making the governorate in constant economic mobility.