By Marwa Mahmoud
Reindeer herders recently found the remains of an adult bear and another small bear, dating back more than 39,000 years, in a cave in Siberia.
According to the researchers, the tests conducted on the bones of two animals indicated that they belonged to “cave bears”, a type of animal that lived in prehistoric times in Eurasia, from about 15 thousand to 300 thousand years ago.
According to scientists, the soft tissues of the adult cave bear were intact due to the extreme cold at the permanently frozen site.
The discovery of “cave bears” bones represents an important scientific achievement for Russian scientists, who are also studying the DNA of the extinct woolly mammoth, as it is expected to help them understand the causes of the extinction of “Stone Age predators”.
Commenting on this discovery, Dr. Lena Grigorieva, of the University of Northeastern Russia Federal, said: “This discovery is the first and only of its kind in the world, the discovery of the body of a cave bear, complete with soft tissues.”
“The discovery is of great importance, as this is the first time that we have found a cave bear whose internal organs are in place. We will invite foreign scientists to participate in the research that we will conduct,” Lena added in an interview with the “Siberian Times” newspaper.
“It is necessary to conduct radiocarbon analysis to determine the exact age of the bear,” said Dr. Maxim Chiprasov, chief researcher and expert in biological sciences at the laboratory of the Mammoth Museum in Yakutsk.
It should be noted that in recent years, Siberia has witnessed the discovery of many extinct animals and species, including mammoths, woolly rhinos, and others, after the melting of ice in some areas of that very cold region.