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Saudi archaeological site confirms prehistoric human settlement

A Saudi protected area embraces within it a number of historical evidence dating back to the Stone Age, as confirmed by a number of specialized historical references, evidenced by studies of inscriptions and monuments that have been discovered.

A specialist in heritage and antiquities, photographer Abd al-Ilah al-Faris, documented the archaeological site “Kilwa” located inside the King Salman Reserve – formerly al-Tabiq Reserve – north of Saudi Arabia, which is 280 km northeast of Tabuk, and can be accessed via the road between Tabuk and Tabaral.

He said: “The King Salman Reserve is a natural reserve, within its borders are three former reserves, which are Al-Khanfah, Al-Tappq, Hurra Al-Hurra and adjacent areas.

 It is possible to distinguish a number of civilization stages, starting with the prehistoric period through the historical eras and the pre-Islamic period as well as the Islamic period.

It seems that climatic factors have affected human life in this region, which made stability closely related to the availability of appropriate climatic conditions, especially water, In 1428 AH and 1429 AH, the Saudi-French team found flint tools such as blades, flakes, scrapers, drills and others dating back to the Neolithic period.

He added: “The archaeological site of Kulwa revealed rock drawings, and archaeologists believe that they date back to the eighth millennium BC, as well as sophisticated Thamudic drawings and inscriptions, where facades of distinctive rock drawings are formed at the site, executed with extreme precision.

One of which reaches a length of about 7 m, and includes drawings of figures Human and animal figures and geometric shapes are artistically carved on the surface of one of the stones found near the archaeological sites. Studies indicate that all the rock drawings discovered at the sites date back to very ancient periods, indicating the activity of commercial caravans.

It is noteworthy that this site was discovered for the first time by the British archaeologist Agnes Horsfield and the American archaeologist Nelson Gluck, in 1932 AD, and after surveying the area, rock carvings of drawings, engravings and stone tools were found dating back to the epoch of the near ancient era Epi Palaes Lithie.

The rock drawings are the most ancient in the Arabian Peninsula, and this is evidenced by the eroded surfaces and the influence of rock factors on them, as the history of the rock drawings of the region is in the period between 9000-7000 BC, and the date of the Kilwa site was determined due to the large number of stone tools dating back to the ancient pre-medieval era.

In 1984 AD, the Antiquities and Museums Agency team recorded about 313 sites containing rock drawings dating back to 15,000 years BC, and the people used these drawings to record the events that occurred to them, hunting, war, and religious rituals, as this was the beginning for pictorial writings that began in the region and developed in Arabia.