Saudi Arabia celebrated the seventh anniversary of the ascension of the Custodian of the Two Mosques King Salman bin Abdul Aziz bin Abdul Rahman Al Saud to the throne.
King Salman is the seventh King of the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia, Prime Minister and Supreme Commander of the Royal Saudi Armed Forces. He is the twentieth ruler of the Al Saud family and the twenty-fifth son of Sons of the founding King Abdul Aziz bin Abdul Rahman Al Saud
King Salman was born on December 31, 1935 CE, corresponding to Shawwal 5, 1354 AH. He was educated at the Princes’ School in Riyadh. He completed the entire Qur’an at the age of ten. He was one of the princes close to his father, the founding king.
The beginning of his entry into politics was on Rajab 11, 1373 AH, corresponding to March 16, 1954, when he was appointed Prince of the Riyadh region on behalf of his brother, Prince Nayef bin Abdul Aziz, 1380 AH corresponding to December 25, 1960, when he resigned from his position. On Ramadan 10, 1382 AH corresponding to February 4, 1963, King Saud issued a royal decree appointing him again as Prince of the Riyadh region.
Salman, throughout his reign over Riyadh; The closest to the kings of the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia, and he was accompanying his father, King Abdulaziz, and a source of his great confidence, even though he was the twenty-fifth son in the order of the sons of the founding king. On the same approach, King Salman remained close to all the kings of the Saudi state (King Saud, King Faisal, King Khalid, King Fahd, and King Abdullah), who chose him to be his heir.
Among the royal family, King Salman is described as the royal family secret keeper and the kings’ envoy and special advisor. Amid several challenges experienced by the region, King Salman (when he was a prince) was entrusted with many political tasks.
As a result, he made several visits to the countries of the world, which culminated in the signing of agreements and memoranda of understanding with a number of the world’s leading capitals, east and west.
He also participated in negotiations with leaders who visited the Saudi capital and was a permanent member of the royal delegations. He also headed his country’s delegations to many regional and global forums.
After the death of his brother, Prince Nayef bin Abdulaziz Al Saud, Crown Prince, Deputy Prime Minister and Minister of Interior, and on June 18, 2012, Saudi King Abdullah bin Abdulaziz Al Saud issued a royal order choosing him as Crown Prince and appointing him as Deputy Prime Minister and Minister of Defense.
During his tenure, in February 2014, he made several visits and tours; it carries political and economic dimensions, from Pakistan to India, which has become a political, economic and strategic weight. From this point of view, the visit was important, to present the history and future of relations between these countries.
King Salman becoming Custodian of the Two Holy Mosques
The Custodian of the Two Holy Mosques, King Salman bin Abdulaziz Al Saud, was pledged allegiance as King of the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia, on Rabi’ Al-Thani 3, 1436 AH, corresponding to January 23, 2015 AD, after the death of King Abdullah bin Abdulaziz Al Saud.
King Salman is the third king of the state to hold the title of “Custodian of the Two Holy Mosques”, which was held by his brother, the late King Fahd bin Abdulaziz, and his brother, the late King Abdullah bin Abdulaziz.
One of the first things that King Salman and his son, Mohammed bin Salman, did is simplify the government bureaucracy. Before the death of King Abdullah, there were up to ten government councils, so Salman abolished all of them except for the Saudi Political and Security Affairs Council headed by Deputy Crown Prince Muhammad bin Nayef and the Saudi Council for Economic and Development Affairs headed by the Secretary-General of the Royal Court Prince Muhammad bin Salman, who was given the license and allowed him to reorganize the government however he wanted.
Saudi Arabia, during the reign of Salman, also implemented “a record number of reforms” in one year, according to the World Bank Group, which ranked Saudi Arabia among the top 20 reforming countries in the world, and the second among the best high-income countries and G20 countries in terms of implementing climate improvement reforms.
The era of King Salman witnessed “the largest structural reform in the history of Saudi Arabia,” especially with the push for leaders of the second tier of the youth segment to prepare leaders for the future to bridge the gap estimated at 90% in the positions of representatives in ministries and regions.
Empowering the second and third generation of the Saudi family
In the first days of his reign, King Salman issued changes that enabled the sons of the royal family from the second and third generations to be in leadership positions in state institutions. He is keen to modernize the government and push the young talents who have proven their worth in a short time.