On Wednesday, Saudis commemorate the sixth anniversary of the Custodian of the Two Holy Mosques King Salman bin Abdulaziz Al Saud assuming power. He was pledged allegiance as the King of the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia on Rabi` Al-Akhir 3, 1436 AH, corresponding to January 23, 2015.
The Custodian of the Two Holy Mosques king Salman strives with all strength, determination to provide goodness and prosperity to the citizen who is reciprocated by love and loyalty in a form that embodies the highest meanings of the people rallying around leadership.
Saudis celebrate that anniversary as they recall the biography of King Salman bin Abdulaziz Al Saud, which has been closely linked to the kingdom’s march, renaissance and development over the past 9 decades.
King Salman was born on December 31, 1935, just 3 years after his father unified the state and transferred its name from the Kingdom of Hejaz and Najd and its annexes to the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia on September 23, 1932 CE, corresponding to Jumada Al-Uola 17 in 1351 AH.
King Salman has been a contemporary of all the kings of the Kingdom since its establishment at the hands of his father, and he worked with them since he entered the political work at the age of 19 as the acting governor of the Riyadh region in 1954, to form a biography full of tender and experience.
The experiences he employed to bring about a qualitative leap and a development renaissance in the Kingdom after he assumed the reins of power on Rabi` Al-Akhir 3, 1436 AH corresponding to January 23, 2015, to lead the Kingdom in a few years to what has become described as a “new Saudi Arabia.”
King Salman was not satisfied with developing the present, but also charting the features of a bright future for the Kingdom, through a roadmap he launched one year after he took office, bearing the name “Vision 2030” leading to a comprehensive renaissance in various fields.
Therefore, Saudis are celebrating the sixth anniversary of the pledge of allegiance, as they recall with feelings of pride, pride, appreciation, gratitude and fulfillment of the biography of their king, which is closely linked to the march of their kingdom.
Genius from a young age
King Salman bin Abdulaziz Al Saud was born on December 31, 1935 in Riyadh, the twenty-fifth son of the founding King Abdulaziz Al Saud, and he grew up with his brothers in the royal palace in Riyadh, where he accompanied his father in official meetings with the kings and rulers of the world.
He received his early education at the School of Princes in Riyadh, where he studied religious and modern sciences, and the Holy Qur’an was completed in full. At the age of ten, he was at the hands of the imam and preacher of the Grand Mosque, Sheikh Abdullah Khayat.
Entering political action
King Salman bin Abdulaziz entered politics at the age of 19 by appointing him, on March 16, 1954, as governor of the Riyadh region on behalf of his brother Prince Nayef.
In the following year, he was appointed governor of the Riyadh region, one of the largest regions in Saudi Arabia in area and population, and the capital of the state, during the period from April 18, 1955 until his resignation on December 25, 1960, but on February 4, 1963, he was reappointed as governor of the Riyadh region.
He served as a prince of the Riyadh region for more than 5 decades, during which he oversaw the region’s transformation from a medium-sized town of about 200,000 people to one of the fastest growing capitals in the Arab world today.
This period of growth was not without difficult challenges Which accompanies the development process, but it has demonstrated a high capacity for initiative and achievement. Today, Riyadh is one of the richest cities in the region and a regional center for travel and trade.
During his tenure in the emirate, Riyadh witnessed the completion of many major infrastructure projects, such as highways and modern roads, schools, hospitals and universities, as well as museums, sports stadiums, entertainment cities, and others.
The Saudi capital also includes a number of prominent architectural landmarks, and it extends over an urban area that makes it one of the largest cities in the world by area, and over the course of more than half a century that he spent as a prince of Riyadh, during which he moved the capital from a small city to one of the fastest growing cities in the world.
The mandate of the Covenant
On November 5, 2011, a decree was issued by the late King Abdullah bin Abdulaziz to appoint Prince Salman bin Abdulaziz at the time as Minister of Defense, and during his reign the ministry witnessed a comprehensive development of all sectors in training and armament.
On June 18, 2012, King Abdullah bin Abdulaziz issued an order selecting him as Crown Prince and Deputy Prime Minister, while retaining the position of Minister of Defense.
The pledge of allegiance to King Salman
After the death of King Abdullah bin Abdulaziz, on January 23, 2015 (corresponding to Rabi` Al-Akhir 3, 1436 AH), he was pledged allegiance to the King, and King Salman bin Abdulaziz became the seventh king of the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia.
Since his pledge of allegiance, the Kingdom has witnessed more giant developmental achievements throughout its vast areas in various economic, educational, health and social sectors.
After assuming power, the Saudi monarch reconfigured the state’s joints at various levels. On January 29, 2015, he issued a royal decree that included the cancellation of 12 committees and councils, most notably the National Security Council and the Supreme Economic Council.
And he replaced them with two councils that are organizationally linked to the Council of Ministers, the Council of Political and Security Affairs and the Council of Economic and Development Affairs, headed by Crown Prince Mohammed bin Salman, and they form the kingdom’s policies on the political and economic levels.
The Custodian of the Two Holy Mosques endeavored with all strength, determination and determination to provide goodness and prosperity to the citizen who exchanged love and loyalty in a form that embodied the highest meanings of the people wrapping around the leader of the development march.
Economically, to face the challenge of low oil prices, Saudi Arabia announced on April 25, 2016 an economic vision for 2030, which aims to reduce its dependence on oil, the main source of income.
Saudi Arabia is moving steadily and confidently to reduce its dependence on oil and diversify sources of income, within the framework of Vision 2030.
King Salman bin Abdulaziz set a general framework in his speech before the Shura Council, on December 14, 2016, for his country’s foreign policy, stressing that his country’s vision is that “the choice of a political solution to international crises is the best way to achieve the aspirations of peoples towards peace,” which is the policy that adheres The Kingdom has so far been part of its keenness to support security and stability in the region and the world.
The New Saudi Arabia
Within the broad reforms during his reign, he led the state to what the world has called the “New Saudi Arabia”. During the first year of the Saudi monarch’s rule, the first municipal elections in which women participated as voters and candidates in the history of the Kingdom were held on December 12, 2015, and culminated in 21 victory. A woman holds seats in the municipal council elections in its third session.
Reforms continued, as Saudi women began driving cars since June 24, 2018, in implementation of a historic order issued by the Saudi monarch on September 26, 2017, to allow women to obtain a driver’s license “in accordance with Sharia controls.”
On February 14, 2018, women were allowed to start their businesses and benefit from government services without the need for a male guardian’s approval.
In the fifth year of the reign of King Salman bin Abdulaziz, Saudi women got a package of benefits, according to amendments to the regulations of travel documents, civil status and work that took place on 2 August 2019.
These amendments granted women more rights on more than one level, and allowed them to obtain passports and leave the country without the approval of a guardian.
The year 2019 witnessed Saudi women occupying the position of “ambassador” for the first time, as Princess Reema bint Bandar was appointed the Kingdom’s ambassador to the United States on February 23 of the same year, to be the first woman to hold this position.
The year 2020 also witnessed the appointment of the first woman in the Saudi Royal Guard, and the appointment of Dr. Lailak bint Ahmed Al-Safadi as president of the Electronic University, as the first woman to chair a Saudi university that includes both male and female students.
Within the framework of the complete royal confidence in women and that they are up to the responsibility to carry out qualitative efforts in various fields, the Custodian of the Two Holy Mosques King Salman bin Abdulaziz issued an order to reconstitute the Council of the Human Rights Commission, in its fourth session for a period of 4 years, and appoint 13 women to the Commission’s Council, including It represents half of the council members.
The march of achievements continues
The celebrations for the sixth anniversary of the pledge of allegiance come this year and the Kingdom is living a new reality full of mega development projects in various fields, despite the Coronavirus pandemic that struck the whole world and caused great repercussions.
The Kingdom celebrates the anniversary, as it occupies a regional and international stature, and has strong global confidence in all forums, which it crowned with its presidency of the G20 for this year 2020, while continuing its relentless endeavor to serve the issues of the Arab and Islamic nations.
The Kingdom is on its way to achieving more achievements through Vision 2030, with the aim of enhancing and sustaining economic growth in all fields and laying new foundations for diversifying sources of income.