The Kingdom owns many ancient historical places and mosques, which have many stories and stories throughout history, including the Al-Ghumama Mosque.
The story of Al-Ghamama Mosque
The official page of the “King Abdulaziz House”, on the social networking site for short tweets, “Twitter”, shed light on the most important historical information of the Al-Ghamamah Mosque, which is located in Al-Madinah Al-Munawwarah, where the five daily prayers are held except for Friday prayers.
The mosque is about 400 meters west of the Prophet’s Mosque, but there are many stories related to the name of the mosque. Some narrate that the mosque was called a cloud that blocked the sun from the Prophet, may God’s prayers and peace be upon him, when he prayed in this place, so it was named by that name.
There is another story that mentioned that the mosque in the past was called the Musalla Mosque, and the reason for this name is that most of the Prophet’s prayer for the two feasts was in it.
Also he narrated that the Messenger, may God’s prayers and peace be upon him, went out to the prayer hall, and said: “This is our fasting and our prayers for our fasting and sacrifice, so it does not narrow, and it does not diminish us.”
The designation of the oldest mosques in the world requires careful use of definitions, and must be divided into two parts, the oldest in the sense of oldest surviving building, and the oldest in the sense of oldest mosque congregation. Even here, there is the distinction between old mosque buildings that have been in continuous use as mosques, and those that have been converted to other purposes; and between buildings that have been in continuous use as mosques and those that were shuttered for many decades.
In terms of congregations, they are distinguished between early established congregations that have been in continuous existence, and early congregations that ceased to exist. Note that the major regions, such as Africa and Eurasia, are sorted alphabetically, whereas the minor regions, such as Northeast and Northwest Africa in Africa, and Arabia and South Asia in Eurasia, are sorted by the dates in which their first mosques were reportedly established, more or less, barring those that are mentioned by name in the Quran.
Geographical parameters and temporal framing are the factors of categorizing each architectural style. However, in the vastness of the Saudi Kingdom, it might be more adequate to limit the study on a comparative spatial illustration, and refrain from the historical and architectural narratives. Thus, it would be a straightforward approach to mosques characterization for several millennia, since the birth of Muhammad’s (PBUH) divine message; as the springboard of Mosque Architecture.
No question, the first Mosque Form style is that of the Prophet (PBUH), for its exemplar influence on the mosques of the Arabian Peninsula in terms of their modesty, minority and compatibility with its surrounding built environment free of extravagant ornaments. From this event on wards, the Prophet Mosque has been the Mosque Form guidance model.
Undoubtedly, this illustrative study necessitates a clear-cut developed field survey methodology, on which mosques would be categorized according to their geographical allocations. Each allocation has developed its own character by virtue of its specific cultural setting, weather condition, topographical status, technical factors and available local materials right there. Yet, all mosques had sustained modesty and simplicity abiding by their pioneering role model in Medina.
The Urban Heritage Center of the Saudi Commission for Tourism and National Heritage SCTH delegated by the Historic Mosques Program has carried out a number of preliminary surveys of mosques all over the Kingdom. Hereby, the author postulates his study based on surveying 1300 Historic Mosques including an expository architectural documentary in the framework of their geographical allocation, cultural background, climatic conditions and construction strategies.